Sunday, September 30, 2012

The Sacred Solfeggio Tones

I was interested in finding a connection between the Solfeggio tones and my theory "The Base Harmonics Of Universal Tones" As hard as I tried, I just couldn't make them connect in a way that would satisfy a legitimate mathematical model.

After careful consideration, I noticed something about the original Solfeggio order of tones. The Solfeggio tones are a play on the sequential numbers from 1 to 9.

This is what I found:

1 7 4---- 4 1 7---- 7 4 1

2 8 5---- 5 2 8---- 8 5 2

3 9 6---- 6 3 9---- 9 6 3

Starting from the first group of tones, first number moving down, then up and to the second group, then the third group, always using the first number moving down. You will see that the first number in each tone is in sequential order from 1 to 9.

Starting from the second group of tones, using the second number moving down, using the same method as the first one except you will always use the second number in each tone, and end the count at the first group. You will see that the second number in each tone is in sequential order from 1 to 9.

Starting from the third group of tones, always using the third number moving down, then up and back to the first group, ending at the second group, you will see that the third number in each tone is in sequential order from 1 to 9.

As cleaver of a matrix as this is, it just doesn't have any relevance to any natural tones provided by the Universe.

As you can see there is another way that you can play on these numbers.

1 4 7---- 4 7 1---- 7 1 4

2 5 8---- 5 8 2---- 8 2 5

3 6 9---- 6 9 3---- 9 3 6

I think the way Solfeggio arranged them is sequentially better, but neither way has any relevance to the Universal tones, except for the 471Hz. tone. Actually the way that I've arranged them is closer to the Universal tones than Solfeggio's way. The frequencies are fairly close to the Universal tones, and that is why they seem to work, but we can do much better.

These are the Universal tones arranged so that the first number in each tone is sequential from 1 to 9.

131.53Hz. = 12^√C^3 = 8^√C^2 = 4^√C

264.09Hz. = 7^√C^2

349.01Hz. = 10^√C^3

471.39Hz. = (C m)^3 / (2π^2 r)^3

551.98Hz. = 11(C m / (2π^2 r))

668.93Hz. = 9^√C^3 = 6^√C^2 = 3^√C

710.88Hz. = 2√(C G)^3 / (C G)^3

813.33Hz. = 9(13^√C^3)

920.71Hz. = 7(12^C^3) = 7(8^√C^2) = 7(4^√C)

There are several different ways that I can arrive at the sequential order of 1 to 9 using different Universal tones, but I think that the way I have it now is the best way to represent the sequence.

This arrangement is OK, but it leaves out plenty of very important frequencies. Some are lower than 131.53Hz. and some are higher than 920.71Hz. Also there are tones in between that are important as well, so I don't put a lot of relevance to this sequence, but it has its musical uses I suppose. You can look at my article on "The Base Harmonics Of Universal Tones" to view all the Universal tones.

Sunday, September 23, 2012

Three Steps Across The Universe

Thoughts are included within the broader definition of reality and are regarded as "things". However, many philosophers and mathematicians such as Aristotle, Plato, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein have attempted to make a fine distinction between thought corresponding to reality, that is, "coherent abstractions", and those ideas which cannot even be rationally thought of, or expressed in common language. Some delusions and hallucinations seem real at the time they occur, though. It's all just a matter of perception, really.

Just a few short years ago, for example, if a person talked about spirits and a belief in ghosts, then they were considered by some to have lost their grip on reality. Now it seems cable television programming is filled with a plethora of "reality shows" dealing with the subjects of the paranormal, haunting, and ghost stories. Today, they saturate prime time television as a popular form of accepted entertainment. More people believe in ghosts now than ever before.

Existence, by contrast, is that realm of reality that is often defined as that which only has physical existence or has a direct basis in it, much in the same way thoughts occupy the brain. One school of thought believes that there simply and literally is no reality beyond the perceptions or beliefs we commonly hold in agreement about reality. This attitude can be summarized better by the popular statements, "life is how you perceive reality" or "perception is reality" or "reality is what you can get away with". Basically they indicate "anti-reality", which is the view that there is no objective reality, whether explicitly acknowledged or not. Yet, contrary to this view, some scientists and philosophers, including Albert Einstein, have had lots of abstract thoughts that were used as building blocks to completely redefine our definition of reality and existence. You might say, from their perspective, reality is a work in progress, constantly being redefined, changed, and in a constant state of flux as the nature of the universe unfolds and human intellect reaches out to grasp the emerging subtleties of knowledge.

Reality, in a conventional, day-to-day, feet-on-the-ground sense, is often contrasted with things that are considered "not real" such as: imaginary concepts, delusions, dreams, myths, what is only in the mind, what is abstract, what is fictional, or what is false. Reality, in this case, is defined by what it is not. The truth, on the other hand, refers to what is real as perceived and defined by the collective mind; the hive mind if you will, and agreed to en masse by what people can authenticate from the realm of their five senses and what is processed by their level of intelligence. Around the periphery of this collective notion, the borders and boundaries start to get rather fuzzy and this is the gray area that spawns innovation and interpretation. The more one looks at it, the more the fractals increase the definition, and the more detailed the boundary lines become, on into infinity. Reality is just a moving target.

Theories can be real ideas and yet remain unproven. Reality is itself a theory because some of it is unproven and subject to speculation and interpretation, while some of it is very simple, matter-of-fact, and concrete. It's a moving target to be sure, and reality is different from culture to culture and individual to individual.

There are certain ideas from physics, philosophy, literature, sociology, and other related fields that shape various theories of reality. They are working tools, or formulas, or definitions that can perform useful functions, or help postulate and predict outcomes, yet cannot be proven mathematically or physically by themselves. There are things like black holes, dark energy, Bigfoot, and spontaneous human combustion, for example, that are real "theories", or conditions, in themselves, and they describe real concepts or situations that are accepted in academia; but yet no one has really ever seen them, or touched them, or fully explained them, or proven they actually exist at all beyond just being an interesting idea. Bigfoot may be the exception here because I once thought I heard him outside my door while I was watching a video of his cousin walking across a river bottom, but you get what I mean, don't you?

In our society at this juncture in time, we are asked to believe that one moment there was nothing and in the next millisecond, there was the expansive universe, in what physicists call the Big Bang Theory; now known as the common accepted definition of causality and the reality paradigm to explain our existence. One moment there was nothing, physicists tell us, and in the very next nanosecond, there was everything that now exists in the known universe. All the matter and energy and space that makes up billions of suns, stars, solar systems, galaxies, black holes, dark matter and dark energy was created out of a single, tiny sub-atomic particle; i.e., a singularity, in less time than it takes to sneeze. Try stretching your mind around that one. That is certainly one interesting view of reality for whoever wants to subscribe to it.

As I stand out on my back deck drinking my first cup of morning coffee, the air is still and quite, except for the birds and bugs making a soft background noise. On a technical level, the scientists would say I am being hurled through space at an amazing speed, but from where I'm standing; there isn't even enough of a breeze to blow my hair back. Which reality do I exist in? Both? This is what Einstein must have meant when he said it is all a matter of relativity.

The speed of an object cannot be measured by itself; it has to be measured relative to something else. The diameter of the earth at the equator is 12,756.32 kilometers or 7,926.41 miles. Each day, a person standing on the equator travels all the way around this 24,926.41 mile-long circuit in a 24 hour period (0.99726968 days to be exact). So, the speed of a person at the equator, with respect to the earth's axis, is calculated accordingly: 24,926.41 miles divided by 23.93 hours, equals 1,041.6385 miles per hour. So, for the sake of this discussion, the equatorial person travels around the surface of the earth at about 1,042 mph.

Now, of course, people located closer to either pole travel at slower speeds the closer they are to the pole, and people located directly on the pole itself do not move hardly at all relative to those at the equator. For example, I presently live near the Canadian border in the USA. Now with a little research, I have found that, using the following formula, I am able to determine my speed relative to my position on the earth with respect to the axis: Speed = (24,926.41 miles [cos(latitude)] ) ÷ 24 hours, so in my particular case, (24,926.41 [cos(47.65676)] ) ÷ 24 = 698.82520804 miles per hour; call it 700 mph. So, in reality, even though my senses tell me I'm standing still out on my deck enjoying the stillness and calm of a brand new day awakening in a very peaceful country environment, I'm actually spinning around in a cold sea of vacuum and darkness on a large blue ball, close to 700 miles per hour, and I haven't even spilled a drop of my coffee yet. Imagine that, but that's not all.

The annual orbit of the earth around the sun is called one "earth revolution" and the earth takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds (365.242199 mean solar days) to complete a full revolution, or one cycle around the sun. The earth orbits in an elliptical path and the distance between the earth and the sun varies throughout the year. At its nearest point on this elliptical path, the earth is 91,445,000 miles (147,166,462 km) from the sun. This point in the earth's orbit is known as perihelion and it occurs on January 3. The earth is farthest away from the sun on July 4 when it is 94,555,000 miles (152,171,522 km) from the sun. This point in the earth's orbit is called aphelion.

Now on average, the earth's orbit is 92,955,807 miles (149,597,870.691 km) from the sun (defined as one Astronomical Unit (1 AU) in the scientific community), taking one solar year to complete one revolution. It takes light from the sun only about 8.317 minutes to reach the earth. The earth revolves around the sun at a speed of about 18.5 miles/sec (30km/sec). So in addition to spinning around the earth's axis at roughly 700 miles per hour, I am also traveling around the sun an additional 1,110 miles per second, and yet, even at this incredible speed, it doesn't appear to make me dizzy or make my cheeks flutter like when my dog hangs his head out of the car window. My sense of reality just tells me I'm standing still, sipping on my coffee cup.

If that isn't enough to upset my equilibrium, there is still a third gear speed applied to our bodies and starship: that of our solar system rotating around the center of our Milky Way Galaxy. Most astronomers believe the Milky Way Galaxy is moving at approximately 630 km per second relative to the local co-moving frame of reference. At this speed, the earth travels 51.84 million km per day, or more than 18.9 billion km per year, which is about 4.5 times its closest distance from the former planet, Pluto. At the speed of this third high gear, I can walk over to the edge of my deck, taking about three steps, and at the same time cross through several million miles of the universe. It's quite a nice stroll actually. Maybe all this traveling through space explains why I feel so tired these days.

So at any given moment during the course of our lives, when we are standing still, we are all actually subjected to ever-increasing centrifugal forces, circular paths within larger circular paths, not linear forces as we often think. So, I am always in motion and never standing still, contrary to what my wife says.

Now there is a fourth gear speed I was saving for last which is the speed of the Milky Way Galaxy rotating around the center of the universe. That is quite a fast speed, to be sure, but since no one has really measured it accurately yet, and I'm already starting to feel a little dizzy from all that other motion; I think I'll save it for a later time to add to my reality. You would think with all that speed we would leave a contrail behind us someplace, wouldn't you?

So there you have it. What school of thought on reality do you subscribe to now? I think Michelangelo best captured this complex concept in his depiction of the creation on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome during the Renaissance. He illustrated God as a gray-haired old man extending his finger toward Adam. Truth be told, though, the reality of what God was really doing in that gesture, was not conveying the gift of life to mankind, but rather directing Adam to "pull his finger". That's my opinion of reality and I'm sticking to it.

Sunday, September 16, 2012

What Are the Advantages of Using a Backyard Observatory?

Some people find celestial objects quite fascinating and they have a wish to look at stars and watch outer space whenever they get the opportunity. If you're one of these individuals and have a passion for the satellites, it is possible for you to create your very own planetarium, on a small-scale, in your very own house. You will be able to find plenty of domes in markets and off the internet. However, when you shop online, you will find that most of the equipment you need to create this planetarium will be found at affordable prices.

When buying equipment and items to build your very own planetarium, you will need to keep certain things in mind, including the size of the planetarium you plan on building, and the spot you plan on placing the dome itself. The backyard could be the best possible place for such an observatory. Take a look at the reasons why it is best to use a backyard observatory.

Firstly, the ease with which you can install all the equipment is astonishing. If you follow the instructions just as they are mentioned, you won't have any problems in putting everything together. It's better if you opt for a white colored dome that is UV resistant. The domes are made with polyethylene plastic and are weather resistant. You will be able to capture the view of outer space perfectly because of the top window shutter of the dome. When you're installing all this for your backyard observatory, you won't need to pay any extra installation costs or construction and structure costs either. Everything will be easily available in terms of equipment, and the backyard will be the ideal place to set up all of this equipment since the backyard observatory dome is built specifically for this purpose. Do bear in mind that you will need to choose a telescope that will fit inside the room you plan on placing it in.

The use of all of this equipment, including the backyard observatory dome is very simple. You just need a computer, and one of your favorite telescopes to sit back and enjoy the view. Because the dome is made out of unbreakable plastic, you will be able to make any modifications to the dome as you desire. The shutter of the dome is wide enough to allow the movement of people and objects through it.

The maintenance of this dome is quite simple as well. If the quality of your observatory is high, you really don't need to worry about it being damaged due to a change in weather. The plastic of these domes is usually durable and strong, so they do withstand the force of nature most of the time. The domes are eco-friendly, so they don't do any harm to the environment either. S light wash after every six months will be more than enough for the planetarium dome.

Dismantling the dome is simple, and you have a choice of colors to choose from as well. Everything for the backyard observatory comes at affordable rates and you can be sure that it won't be damaged easily.

Sunday, September 9, 2012

Saturn's Seven Sister Moons

Saturn is the smaller of the two gas-giant planets dwelling in the outer regions of our Solar System, far from the friendly light and warmth of our incandescent golden Star, the Sun. The larger of the two gas-giants is Jupiter, which is also the largest planet in our Solar System. Some scientists think that the two gas giants do not have solid surfaces hidden beneath their immense and heavy gaseous envelopes, although others think that they probably do contain relatively small cores of rocky-icy material. The two other large denizens of the outer limits of our Sun's family are Uranus and Neptune, which are classified as ice-giants, because they have large icy cores buried beneath their heavy atmospheres which, though massive, are not nearly as heavy as the gaseous atmospheres borne by the two gas-giants.

Saturn is probably the most beautiful planet in our Sun's lovely family, with its magnificent system of enchanting rings, gleaming icy moons, and myriads of tumbling moonlets that dance and somersault both within and outside of the rings. One of Saturn's moons is Titan, the second largest moon in our Solar System, after Ganymede of Jupiter. Shrouded in a dense orange mist, Titan is famous for its frozen clouds of methane, and hydrocarbon seas and lakes. Titan's thick, veiling atmosphere is composed of a wonderful icy soup of compounds very much like those thought to have been present in Earth's primordial atmosphere. Titan's thick atmosphere--which is much denser than Earth's atmosphere--contains mostly nitrogen, like that of our own planet. But Titan's atmosphere also contains significantly greater percentages of such so-called "smoggy" chemicals as methane and ethane. The smog on Titan is so extremely dense that it actually rains "gasoline-like" liquids down on the surface of this bizarre world. Indeed, some of the chemicals discovered in Titan's atmosphere might indicate that simple and primitive methane-based life (methanogens), might dwell on this truly weird moon.

Until 2004, no spacecraft had visited Saturn in over two decades. Pioneer 11 had snapped the very first close-up images of Saturn when it flew past in 1979, Voyager 1 had its rendezvous about a year later, and in August 1981 Voyager 2 had its brief but highly productive encounter. At last, on July 1, 2004, NASA's Cassini spacecraft went into orbit around Saturn, and started taking breathtaking photographs.

Saturn has 62 known moons. Most of them are very small, icy worldlets. On June 11, 2004, shortly before arriving at Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft made its only flyby--at an altitude of 2,000 kilometers--past the very tiny icy moon Phoebe. Phoebe is a heavily cratered worldlet that circles its planet backwards--indicating that it is a captured object, born elsewhere, and not an original member of Saturn's family.

Most of Saturn's natural satellites are very small and icy dancing moonlets. However, the larger, icy midsized moons twirl around their enormous ringed planet in a lovely and mysterious dance. The largest of the icy moons is Rhea, Saturn's second-largest moon after the weird world that is Titan. Iapetus, the third largest of Saturn's moons, is two-faced, with one side composed of gleaming, very bright, highly reflective ice, and the other, dark and non-reflective, a blackened splotch staining the pristine white ice. Iapetus is larger than Mimas and Enceladus. There is an enormous impact crater on the moon Mimas, that stands out as a prominent feature on what is apparently a badly bombarded, heavily cratered world. The large impact crater Herschel on this 400-kilometer moon was excavated by a tumbling chunk of space-stuff made of rock, ice, or both, that came very close to powdering the entire little moon. Another icy moon, Enceladus, is a bewitching world, 500-kilometers in diameter, that is thought to harbor a global subsurface ocean beneath its frozen crust. Where there is liquid water there is always the possibility--though, by no means, the promise--of life. Enceladus also has the highest albedo of any other moon in our Solar System. This means that it has the most dazzlingly bright reflective surface. It also possesses a very active geology, rendering it almost free of craters because it is constantly being resurfaced by the emissions of gushing icy geysers that are responsible for fresh snow that keeps the surface of the little moon sparkling and smooth.

Research presented on October 19, 2012, at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society's Division for Planetary Sciences held in Reno, Nevada, has suggested a causal relationship between the seven sister moons--Titan and the six mid-sized icy moons of Saturn. The researchers suggest that the seven moons have a violent origin, and came into being when a few considerably larger moons crashed into each other to give birth to the misty, moisty moon, Titan.

According to this theory, the Saturn system began with a family of several relatively large moons, analogous to the four large Galilean moons of Jupiter--Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. However, strange and violent things happened in the Saturn system that drove its large moons onto a collision course with destiny. According to the theory, there were a few dramatic moon mergers, forming the Titan that we now know--but there was also a sufficiently large quantity of moon-stuff left over from the collisions to create the icy mid-sized satellites--Mimas, Iapetus, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, and Rhea!

"We think that the giant planets got their satellites kind of like the Sun got its planets, growing like miniature solar systems and ending with a stage of final collisions," lead author Dr. Erik Asphaug, of the University of California at Santa Cruz, said in a statement to the press on October 18, 2012.

He added that "In our model for the Saturn system, we propose that Titan grew in a couple of giant impacts, each one combining the masses of the colliding bodies, while shedding a small family of middle-sized moons."

Such moon-forming mergers and collisions are not unheard of. For example, the leading theory explaining the formation of Earth's own large Moon, suggests that it was born about 4.5 billion years ago when a Mars-sized protoplanet, dubbed Theia by astronomers, collided with our planet. Just as our Moon is identical geologically to Earth's mantle, the six medium-sized icy sister moons of Saturn are all similar in composition to Titan's icy mantle, the researchers announced in October 2012.

"Our model explains the diversity of these ice-rich moons and the evidence for their very active geology and dynamics. It also explains a puzzling fact about Titan, in that a giant impact would give it a high orbital eccentricity," Asphaug continued to explain to the press on October 18, 2012.

Jupiter, like Saturn, is circled by more than 60 known satellites. Many of them are tiny moonlets, measuring only a few miles across, and are probably captured asteroids or minor planets--or their shattered remains.

Asphaug and co-author Dr. Andreas Reufer of the University of Bern in Switzerland, devised their new giant impact model using sophisticated computer simulations. They discovered that mergers between moons the size of Jupiter's Galilean satellites--which range in size from 1,940 miles wide (Europa) to 3, 271 miles across (Ganymede)--would tear icy stuff off the outer layers of the colliding moons. This icy material would then form spiral arms, which would ultimately merge together due to gravitational attraction to create Saturn's mid-sized icy moons.

The moon-mergers may have happened very long ago--or maybe quite recently. The mergers could have been tripped off by gravitational disruption caused by a migrating giant planet such as Uranus or Neptune, the researchers told the press in October 2012.

"What makes the Saturn system so beautiful and unique could be its youth. While we don't have a preferred time frame for this origin scenario to play out, it could have happened recently if something came along to destabilize the Saturn system, triggering the collisional mergers that formed Titan," Asphaug added.

Sunday, September 2, 2012

How the Planets Are Aligned

This is the mathematical story of how our solar system is arranged. Each planet is a specific distance from the next planet. The mean distance between the planets is 1.62 x 10^9 meters. that is basically equal to (PHI)(1 x 10^9) meters; or φ x 1000000000 = 1,682,000,000m

The center circle represents the Sun even though the size is not proportional.

The CAD program would not allow me to use proportionate circles and still be able to view the picture. In fact I had a hard time making small circles. This is because I didn't know how to use the program correctly at the time.

Right on top of the Sun at the beginning of the spiral is Mercury. The planets go in order from there.

Sun = Center

Distance from preceding planet ------ Distance from the Sun

Mercury = Beginning of spiral = 1 @ 58 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Venus = 2nd on spiral = 1.86 @ 108 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Earth = 3rd on spiral = 1.39 @ 149.66 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Mars = 4th on spiral = 1.52 @ 226.82 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Asteroid Belt = 5th on spiral = 1.71 @ 502.66 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Jupiter = 6th on spiral = 1.71 @ 778.5 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Saturn = 7th on spiral = 1.82 @ 1350 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Uranus = 8th on the spiral = 2.01 @ 2880 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Neptune = 9th on spiral = 1.56 @ 4500 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Average distance between planets = 1.62 x 10^9 meters

Our solar system is basically arranged by using the Golden Mean φ = (PHI) = 1.618 as a base measure to separate the planets. the spiral is actually a dual spiral consisting of φ, and a Fibonacci sequential pattern. The Fibonacci sequence is the male aspect, and φ is the female aspect of the spiral.

Beginning with Venus we start to add the sequential distances. We do not include Mercuries distance because it is the first 1 planet and the second 1in the Fibonacci sequence.

Sun = 1 + Mercury = 1; so Venus = 2 where we start the count of all the planets distances from the Sun.

Sum of distance between planets ----- Fibonacci and φ^x - 1 sequential order.

Mercury = 1; Fib seq.= 1; φ^1 - 1 =.618; difference =.382

Venus = 1.86; Fib seq. = 2; φ^2 - 1 = 1.618; difference =.14;.242

Earth = 3.25; Fib seq. = 3; φ^3 - 1 = 3.24; difference =.25;.01

Mars = 4.77; Fib seq. = 5; difference =.23

Asteroid Belt = 6.48; φ^4 - 1 = 5.85; difference =.63

Jupiter = 8.19; Fib seq. = 8; difference =.19

Saturn = 10; φ^5 - 1 = 10.09; difference =.09

Uranus = 12.01 = φ^5 + 1 = 12.09; difference =.08

Neptune = 13.57; Fib seq. = 13; difference =.57

φ^6 - 1 = 16.94

Fib seq. = 21

φ^7 - 1 = 28.03 = Lunar cycle in days; actual = 28.077 days

I haven't done the work to determine where Pluto, the Kipper belt, or the Oort cloud reside in the sequence, but I'm sure that they fit in very closely, like the rest of the planets do.

Start with the center circle (Sun) and go 1 unit up. From this point we shift 90 degrees per planet and mark the position at each point. The first number you see after the planets names directly above are the numbers used to plot the points of the spiral.

continue with the 90 degree rotation of the points and you will find that it ends at approximately 4.25 revolutions or basically φ^3 revolutions.

This is the true orientation of our solar system. Even though the planets are moving and rarely align themselves in this exact sequence, the actual distance between them is what is relative to the argument. The mean distance varies do to the elliptical orbits, but not by much on the cosmic scale.

Can Man Travel to Mars, and Beyond?

When it comes to space travel to other planets will we as humans ever travel further than our moon? Perhaps put a man on the surface of mars.

When traveling into space we know man has set foot on the surface of the moon. But is this only the beginning? Will we ever set foot on other planets?

When we think of space being as huge as it is with millions of stars and planets out there will it ever be possible for man to travel to them? The most likely planet for man to set foot on is perhaps mars.

So consider this, when earth and mars are in alignment with each other, and both planets are closes to each other, it takes a long eight months to travel to mars. So will it ever be possible for man to actually set foot on mars? It may happen in 2030, but think of the dedication it would take for man to reach the red planet.

First, having enough food for the travel to and from mars, and remembering that the journey is eight long months one way only, that is a very long time for man to travel. Again we must consider earth and mars alignment with each other.

Of course astronauts must wear space suits to survive the extreme cold temperatures of Minus Eighty One degrees Fahrenheit, and even colder.

The mars atmosphere has a very high percentage of carbon dioxide, and has a very small percentage of oxygen, and so does not have enough oxygen for humans to survive. And since there is no ozone layer on mars as on earth makes it very important for astronauts to protect themselves from the radiation, cold temperatures, and the lack of oxygen.

Mars appears not to have any water on the surface except for the ice caps. Scientists believe at one time there may have been liquid water on the surface of mars. This means it's possible some form of life may have been on the planet at one time.

Today by looking at mars you may think you were looking at a desert here on earth because of the similarities.

While every planet in our solar system are very different from earth is it at all possible there could be another earth somewhere else among all the stars? So far we have not yet found any such planet. And so what about other intelligent beings? Are we truly alone, or have we just not found any other intelligent beings yet? As for man setting foot on mars, but with terrible conditions on the planet man would not survive.

But still mars is the most likely planet for humans to live on in our solar system. So than will man ever be able to live on mars in the future?

Well, if humans would or would not ever live on the surface of mars is the big question. Of course it would not be easy for humans to live on mars, but it may be possible.

With low gravity, and mostly carbon dioxide on mars for starters we would have to bring our own oxygen to mars. However plants could generate oxygen. With little protection against radiation as mentioned before, and many meteorites that crash into mars, but would not burn as they do when entering earths atmosphere would be a concern. There are wind whirls that would also penetrate everything, so any motors, electrical items would have dust sticking all over them. And than in addition to the very cold temperatures it would not be simple for humans to travel, and some day live on mars, but is not totally out of the question.